View all blog posts under Articles View all blog posts under Master of Information It has long been understood that adults learn differently from children, and from students of traditional university age. With the recent shift toward continuous education and adult learning, especially in the professional sphere, it has become necessary to quantify these differences more closely. Although it can be applied to any learning community, the field has attained widespread recognition due to its role in adult-focused pedagogy. It builds on and implements existing theories of adult learning in modern, effective ways. The basic theories of andragogy, as developed by Malcolm Knowles and others, are used extensively in the design of adult-oriented training programs.
What are Learning Styles? Why Are They So Popular? As spelled out in VARK one of the most popular learning styles inventories , these styles are often categorized by sensory approaches: Despite the variation in categories, the fundamental idea behind learning styles is the same: For example, visual learners would learn any subject matter best if given graphically or through other kinds of visual images, kinesthetic learners would learn more effectively if they could involve bodily movements in the learning process, and so on. In , Psychological Science in the Public Interest commissioned cognitive psychologists Harold Pashler, Mark McDaniel, Doug Rohrer, and Robert Bjork to evaluate the research on learning styles to determine whether there is credible evidence to support using learning styles in instruction. They came to a startling but clear conclusion: